Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others can have a lifelong impact.
We are becoming increasingly aware that bullying is more complex than originally thought. There are no quick fixes and the research suggests that we need "to build empathy throughout the community, to highlight and strengthen the bond of common humanity, to feed and support kindness behavior, and to avoid feeding bullying behaviors through apathy, laughter, and increased social status." We must work towards kindness, civility, and human compassion (Laminack & Wadsworth, 2012).